at the historic ties between Scotland and India. Exquisiter illustrated books and manuscripts are displayed with paintings and objects building a picture of the criss-crossing pattern ofinfluences. See panel.

0 NETHERBOW 43 High Street. 556 957‘). Mon-Sat “lam-4.30pm.

A Celebration at Scotland Until Sath July. Paintings by Fred Lehmann. Treasure Island Illustrations by Ralph Steadman Tue 22 July—Sat 30 Aug. Part ofthe RLS Festival. aCommonwealth Arts Festival

; Associated Event. This is only the

second showing of Ralph Steadman‘s drawings and colour paintings for Treasure Island. A cartoonist known throughout the

country for his sinewyline and sharp f characterisation. Steadman

; contributes weekly to the New

:. Statesman. See also Central Library.

0 OPEN EYE GALLERY 57 Cumberland Street. 557 1020. Mon-Fri 10am—6pm. Sat 10am-4pm. [1)] Edgar Holloway and William Wilson— Etchings Until Thurs 17 July. Hollowast first major exhibition in

Edinburgh. A well-respected printmaker. his work has been purchased by the British Museum and the Scottish National Portrait Gallery. The exhibition concentrates on work from the Thirties and includes pieces by William Wilson. I-Iolloway’s great friend ofthat time. Alan Bain Ceramics Until Thurs 17 July.

Clare Gordon Sat 19 July—Thurs 7 Aug. Ceramics. paintings. drawings. watercolours— this artist fills all the Open Eye requisites.

0 4O PILRIG STREET 554 1078. Daily 10am—7pm.

A Gateway to India Mon 21 July—Sat 2 Aug. An exhibition and sale of ancient artefacts and modern crafts. 0 PORTRAIT GALLERY Queen Street. 556 8921. Mon—Sat 10am—5pm. Sun 2-5pm.

The great Scots ofthe past and present are collected here in a gallery of faces and figures.

New Acquisition A Scottish Portrait The portrait of Wendy Wood (1829—1913) by Florence St John

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. The Scots have excelled at Iew things

as well as they have emigration. By lar the largest numbers at exiles landed in America or Australia but as the National Library at Scotland’s new thematic exhibition, Scotland and India shows the Scottish presence on the subcontinent was in no way negligible. As early as the 17th century,itinerant Scotsmen were

wendingtheirway eastbuttheirimpact :

in those early days was slight. However, by the middle ol the 18th century, as Alex M Cain points out in his outstanding book which accompanies the exhibition, The Corn Chestlor Scotland (£13.50), ‘the Scotsman’s linest prospect was not only the high road to England but also the high seas to India.’

There were three reasons lor this: the export ol the young sons ol Scots gentry and bourgeois was a thriving trade; the extinction of Jacobite rebellion and Culloden allowed Highlanders to enlist in the tar-flung British army, and the conllict between France and England became global. 0i those who went to India many stayed on, others came home after making last rupees to

ensure the purchase at a comlortable living and a parliamentary seal.

These nabobs are colourlully illustrated in ‘Scotland and India'; eccentrics, rogues and black' sheep,they made a vivid it at times unhelplul contribution to the development at a country both Iabulously rich and staggerineg poor.

The ingrained sense of superiority which many Scots carried to India can be seen in the exchange between 12 year old John Malcolm, Iaterthe Governor at Bombay, and the Directors of the East India Company in 1781. Asked what he would do it he were to meet HaidarAli the Sultan oI Mysore,Malcolm replied promptly, ‘00? Why, I'd oot wi’ my sword and cut all his heid!’ As Cain notes, he was immediately accepted lorservice in the Companies army.

No less haughty were the regiments at women travellers, missionaries and wives who seemed to have spent their days depicting their experience at India in water-colours, diaries, letters home and autobiographies. Many of these are charming memoirs and are tasteIully laid out in the National Library, notablythose by Isabella Bird, Emily Eden, Helen Bannerman (author at the notorious Little Black Sambo) and Flora Annie Steel who, in her best seller The Complete Indian Housekeeper and Cook, recommended dosing ‘utterly incorrigible' servants with castor oil and that the cook should

be discouraged lrom straining soup

through his turban, or stirring the eggs

: with his lingers.

Other Scots émigrés were less

sellish, raising the standard oi

communications, medicine, government, education and printing. And there were notable proponents of independence, in particular the redoubtable Keir Hardie. These days the Scottish-Indian relationship is

: two-way, the seeds sown in the 18th

century have Iertilized and not only in the laces at those reddened with ‘Iiery curries’. (Alan Taylor)

Cadell. cousin of the well known colourist F.C.B. Cadell. has just gone on display at the Portrait Gallery. Wendy Wood was a founder member of the National Party of Scotland. campaigning for her country for over half a century. Despite her busy life she also found time for painting (she trained under Walter Sickert) and writing (she wrote over a dozen books and regularly contributed poetry to magazines).

0 PRINTMAKERS’ WORKSHOP GALLERY 23 Union Street. 557 2479. Mon—Sat 10am—6pm.

Scottish Printmaking Until Sat 2 Aug. Artists such as Steven Campbell. Adrian Wisniewski and Bruce McLean from Glasgow and the established Elizabeth Blackadder and Roberto Fonzalez Fernandez mix with the up-and-coming in a

show inspired by the Commonwealth Games and based on Peace, Sport and the City of Edinburgh.

Commonwealth Print Portlolio

Until Sat 2 Aug. A

Commonwealth Arts Festival Associated Event. Nine artists including an Australian Aboriginal. a North American Indian and Britain‘s Allen Jones. were asked to make one print to commemorate the XI Games in 1978. After the event. the National Gallery or Museum of each competing country received a copy of the print portfolio as a unique memento. This one has been lent by the Gallery of Modern Art in Edinburgh

; 0 QUEEN'S HALL Clerk Street. 668

, 3456.

Contemporary Edinburgh Artists Until 2 Sat 9 Aug.

300nm) IlNl) INDIA

7 June - 21 September A COlOUfol exhbition

illustrating the historic links

between the two countries.

ADMISSION FREE 9.30; 5 weekdays (Festivd 9.30 - 8.30); 9.30 - 1 Sat; 2 - 5 Sun. Also owicble: The Corn Chest for Scotland (price £3.50 , on IUstnoted

, more Hstories of Scots n lndo. Detois of The Ptbicotions Officer (05), Notiond of Scotlmd, George N ' , Edrbu'di EBl-i‘IdTEW Tel: 031-226 4531

Crawford Centre for the Arts


until 17 August (closed 27-29 July)


images of sea and shore


Subsidised by the Scottish Arts Council

93 North Street, St Andrews (0334) 76161 extension 591


THE GOLDEN AGE 1707-1843 Sponsored by M4 bil North Sea Limited

Old College, The University ofEdinburgh

$31 August, Mon—Sat 10am-6pm,

Sun 2-5 m

Admission £1.50; Student, 0A P £1

Tel 031 667 1011 ext 4308

With the support ofthe Scottish Arts Council


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