contribution ofthe retiring Secretary to Edinburgh University Press. Archie Turnbull. and George Mackie. designer to the Press since 1955.

O EDINBURGH ZOO Corstorphine Road. 334 9171. £2.50 (£1 .25). Madagascar in Photographs 9—23 Aug. 9am—4.3(lpm.Free entry with admission to zoo. Photographs of the wildlife and people taken during a six week visit.

0 ENGLISH-SPEAKING UNION IN SCOTLAND 22 Atholl Crescent. Mon—Sat 1()am—5pm.

Scottish Art 1987. 6—29 Aug.

0 FESTIVAL CLUB 9— 15 Chambers Street.

Edinburgh International Cartoon Festival 1987 9—29 Aug. Mon—Sun 1()am— l 2noon and 2pm—5pm. Some ofthe best of European humourists. O FILMHOUSE Lothian Road. 228 6382. Mon-Sat Noon—l 1pm: Sun 6.3(1—1 1pm.

Graham Maclndoe Until 31 July. Arresting photographs ofa less celebrated side of Edinburgh. See panel

0 FIRST OF MAY BOOKSHOP 43 Candlemaker Row. 225 2612. Mon—Sat 1()am—6pm. Sun 1pm—5pm. Edinburgh 1977—1987: Ten Years at Popular Struggle 2—29 Aug. Scotland's largest radical bookshop celebrates itstenth anniversary with a pictorial history ofbitterly contentious issues like nuclear power. the Falklands War. the miners in Lothian and the election of local Labour councils. O FLYING COLOURS 35 William Street. 225 6776. Tue—Fri 11am—6pm. Sat 1()am—1pm. General display ofScottish contemporary art.

Pasquale Basile 4—29 Aug. Mon—Sat 11am—6pm. The classical world through the irreverent eyes ofa contemporary Italian artist.

Laura Buxton Until Sat 1 Aug. Drawings and oil paintings by a Scottish artist who has spent the past three years in southern France.

0 FRENCH INSTITUTE 13 Randolph Crescent. 225 5366 Mon-Fri 9.3(lam- 1 pm and 2pm-5.3()pm. The French Institute is now closed until the Festival.

0 FRUITMARKET GALLERY 29 Market Street. 225 2383. During Festival Mon—Sat 1()am—7pm. Sun l.3()pm-5.3()pm. Outside Festival Tue—Sat l()am—5.3()pm. Sun 1.3()pm—5.3()pm. Closed Mon. Licensed cafe.

David Salle: Paintings and Drawings 8 Aug—l9 Sept. Edinburgh International Festival exhibition of this young and convention-breaking American artist.

John Chamberlain Until Sun 26 July. Junked automobile detritus sprayed and crunched into unexpectedly pleasing sculpture.

Dan Graham Until 26 July. The question is what or who is the exhibit. Videos to watch. which include Dan Graham in serious interview with philosopher Michel Foucault. and Andy Warhol as he appeared in an episode of the American TV series Love Boat. don't offer much by way ofan answer.


Portrait Gallery, Edinburgh.

The seventieth anniversary of the Russian Revolution is honoured by the Edinburgh Festival this year, and in advance oi the events to come, the Portrait Gallery begins the celebration with an exhibition oi photographs.

To describe them as ‘made tor the Russian tourist market‘ as indeed they were, would most certainly give the wrong impression. Their sale as postcards arose irom economic necessity, their maker deriving his living irom their proceeds. But there are no views or scenes. William Carrick was interested in the human character at his adopted country and took portraits at its working people in the streets, in the countryside and, ior a small fee, paid to the sitter posed in his studio, one oi the iirst in St Petersburg.

In 19th century Russia the middle class did not thrive in suiiicient numbers to support studio photography of the kind you might expect during this period-stiii poses, hair coiiied and high collars. And the aristocracy was remote. Carrick’s subjects are hairy, sheepskin-clad coach drivers drinking tea together, a cheeky boy selling toys irom a basket and a peasant woman bringing herwares to market. Bought as ‘character' postcards, these portraits have earned Carrick the reputation as one oi the iouding iathers of Russian photography, each lace being struck with a noble individuality and strength.

Carrick was by birth a Scot. In 1827 he emigrated with his parents to Russia where he was to spend the rest oi his liie. Educated atthe Russian Imperial

Academy where he studied painting and then in Rome, he retained his link with Scotland through his interest in photography. On a visit to Edinburgh he took lessons in the new technique lrom the celebrated portrait photographer James Good Tunny and in 1859, invited John Macgregor to leave Scotland and set up a photographic partnership in St Petersburg.

Though Carrickdied in 1878 in humble circumstances, he was recognised in his own time by the Russian people and by the Scots as a photographer oisensitivity and integrity. The Edinburgh Photographic Society who had elected him an honorary member just beiore his death consoled his widow with the message that ‘the name of William Carrick is greatly honoured by his countrymen'. The List will be covering all Russian events and exhibitions of the Festival in the next issue. (Alice Bain)

TSWASD: Calton Hill Sculpture L'ntil end summer. As part of'l‘elevision South West's nationwide arts project. Kate Whiteford has carved Celtic-type images out of the turfon Calton Ilill. Best seen from above - you can climb the Nelson Monument for 45pence. and get a terrific view of the city besides. Clambering over the adjacent National Monument is unfortunately discouraged.

Kate Whiteford will also be taking part in the major show of contemporary art at the Gallery of Modern Art during the Festival. See below.

0 GALLERY OF MODERN ART Belford Road. 556 8921 . During Festival Mon—Sat 1()am—6pm. Sun 11am—6pm. ()utside Festival Mon—Sat 1()am—5pm. Sun 2-5pm. Rest. [D]

The Vigorous Imagination: New Scottish Art 9 Aug—25 Oct. Free. Long-awaited International Festival exhibition ofcontemporary Scottish art the first in its 40-year old history. It will include sculpture (by David Mach). photography (by Colvin and O‘Donnell). installations (by Kate Whiteford anti Sam Ainsley) and paintings (by Currie. Howson. Campbell and Wiszniewski) and many others. Not to be missed.


Abbeyniount. 661 0982. Mon—Sat 9am—1 1pm.

Flash Bang Wallop!5—29 Aug. A wide ranging selection of innovative photography.

0 HM GENERAL REGISTER HOUSE Princes Street. 5566585. Mon—Fri 1()am—4pnt.

The Queen and the Scots Throughout the summer. The famous Franoco-Scottish alliance ofwhich Mary was so much a part has not gone unnoticed in this exhibition which has its accompanying explanatory notes printed in both English and French. It is a documentary-style exhibition. a little over-heavy on text. but giving a flavour of life in Scotland in Mary‘s time when the Reformation was first taking a grip and the first man in Scotland was hanged for heresy. Scotland and the Netherlands Until October. A small exhibition in the entrance hall. The not unhistoric surname Fleming is one ofthe few remaining hangovers from the influx of Flemish weavers who were invited to Scotland to pass on their skills so as to boost Scotland‘s textile industry following the 4()()-year old act of 1587.

O IXIA 44a George Street.

Wood, Ceramics and Glass 6—29 Aug. Daily during Festival. except Suns. 1()am—6pm. Work by Keith

Maloney. Elaine Dick and Anita Pate.

0 JOHN NELSON 22-24 Victoria Street. 225 4413. Mon-Sat 10am—5pm.

Early 19th century maps and prints. 0 MALCOLM INNES GALLERY 67 George Street. 226 4151. Mon-Fri 9am-6pm. Sat 1()am-lpm.

Scottish Colour 5—15 Aug. Recent work by l. Lesley Main.

0 MARTIN 7 FROST 83 George Street. 225 2933.

Oriental Rugs: the Russian Dimension Daily exept Sunday during the Festival. 9am—5.3()pm. Rugs front Turkey and China are supplemented with richly-coloured examples from the Caucasus and Turkestan.

0 MERCURY GALLERY 2/3 North Bank Street. 225 3200. Mon—Fri 1()am—5.3()pm. Sat ll)am—1.()l)pm. Drawings by Scottish Printmakers Until Sat 25 July. A mixed exhibition.

0 MORAY HOUSE GALLERY Mon—Fri 1()am—5pm; Sat 10am—4pm.

Flying Colours Admission £1. Until Thurs 3(1July. An interesting and unusual exhibiton ofvery varied quilts. hangings. banners made in poverty. as a political statement. for a living or for pleasure. Examples come from all over the world.

0 NATIONAL GALLERY OF SCOTLAND The Mound. 5568921. During Festival Mon—Sat 10am—6pm. Sun

1 1am—6pm. Outside Festival Mon—Sat 1()am—5pm. Sun 2—5pm. French Master Drawings lrom Stockholm £1 . (60 pence) 7 Aug—ll ()ct. Fine examples ofdrawings by 18th century painters like Chardin. a master ofdomestic detail. the frothy Watteau and the delightful Boucher selected from the Nationalmuseum in Stockholm. Part ofthe International Festival.

Monarch oi the Glen Late July—end Aug. Lording it over the glen with all the uncompromising dominance the Victorians showed to their subjected empire. Landseer‘s stag sums up everything which was vigorous. clear-minded and romantic about its age. It has been ‘returned‘ to Scotland and put on temporary public view by its new owners. Guinness. perhaps as a none-too-unexpected PR exercise. Continental Watercolours Until Mon 27 July. Turner‘s watercolours have made such an impact on the medium in this country. it would be easy to forget that its use was important in other parts of Europe. This exhibition brings to light from the stores of the National Gallery a selection ofwatercolours by artists like Rubens. Delacroix and a translucent stained glass design from the Nt'irnberg school.

0 NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SCOTLAND George [V Bridge. 226 4531. During Festival Mon—Fri 9.3(lam—8.3()pm. Sat 9.3(lam—1pm. Sun2pm-5pm. Outside Festival Mon—Fri 9.3(lam-5pm. Sat 9.3(1am—1pm. Sun 2pm—5pm. It cam wi' a lass-The Stuarts in Literature, Legend and the Arts Free. Until Thurs 3 Sept. The star of this show has been brought in from Vienna a magnificent James IV Book ofHours. though it will

The List 24 July 6 August 35