young artists exhibit their sculptures which incorporate sound and light. The works were selected by the Laing Art Gallery in Newcastle.

Edinburgh Rediscovered Until 17 Feb. These photographs by Thomas Vernon Begbie were printed from glass negatives made in 1857. which were rescued from a house in Leith Street just prior toits demolition.

Fun and Games Until 3 Feb. The games people play. or rather have played. from the 18th century till the present. drawn from the Museum of Childhood‘s reserve collection.

Lite Class Until 3 March. Paintings. prints and sculpture specially chosen from the City‘s permanent art collection to illustrate the treatment of the human figure in Scottish art over the last hundred

'- CDLERIDGE GALLERY 47b George Street.

220 1305. Mon—Sat 10am—5.30pm. Contemporary British artwork in glass is currently on special offer.

I COLLECTIVE GALLERY 166 High Street. 2201260.Tue—Sat 12.30—5.30pm. Combinations Until 3 Feb. Paintings and constructions using mixed media by Irish-born Pamela Richardson who is presently based in Edinburgh.

John Collins 10 Feb-3 March. No. not the elegant mainstay of l libs' midfield but a Canadian artist exhibiting here for the first time.

I EDINBURGH COLLEGE OF ART Lauriston Place. 229 931 1. Mon—Sat 10am—5pm. M.Des Degree Show Until 3 Feb. The first four students to take their Masters of Design at the College. Diana Lumley. Lucy Richards. Carol Richardson and Simon Wall. exhibit their work in the Andrew Grant gallery.

January Drawing and Painting Exhibition Until 28Jan. Student Work in the Sculpture Court.

I EDINBURGH PRINTMAKERS WORKSHOP GALLERY 23 Union Street. 557 2479. Mon—Sat 10am—5.30pm.

Prints from the Four Scottish Art Schools Until 24 Feb. Young printers out tomake their mark get a chnce to show their prints. I FILMHOUSE Lothian Road. 228 2688. Mon—Sat noon-l 1pm; Sun 6.30-11pm. Secrets of the Earth Until 14 Feb. A photographic record of Alistair Logan‘s wanderings through Botanic Gardens and Nature Reserves.

I FINE ART SOCIETY 137 George Street. 220 6370. Mon—Fri 9.30am—5.30pm. Sat 1(lam—lpm.

Now safely ensconced in their new George Street premises the gallery have: Contemporary Artists Until 17 Feb. A repeat showing of artists who have exhibited with the Society in recent years. I FLYING COLOURS GALLERY 35 William Street. 225 6776. Tue—Fri 11am—6pm. Sat 10am—lpm.

The gallery is closed until 30January.

I THE FRUITMARKET GALLERY Market Street. 225 2383. Mon—Sat l()am—5.30pm


Degas Images of Women, Burrell Collection, Glasgow. ‘Men look at women. Women watch themselves being looked at. This determines. . . most relations between men and women’. 80 ran John Berger’s analysis. But how do men look at women? A partial answer at least should be available in Degas’ Images 01 Women. But as over three quarters of Degas’ work concentrates on an image at a woman, carelul contextualising oi the work is necessary in order to provoke in the viewer the sort of questions that the curator intends, particularly as (thanks to Athena prints and others) we are all so used to his manner oi imaging dancers, bathers and laundry workers.

Unfortunately, this caretul contextualising is missing in the Burrell. Over 40 works are blandly

presented in three sections: Women at Leisure, Working Women, and Women in Private, with no explanatory panels. At the press view, tour pubescent girl ballet dancers were presented as a photo opportunity tor the (exclusively male) photographers, reiniorcing as ‘natural’ the relationship described by Berger. Contemporary critics deiend



charges of misogyny against Degas on aesthetic grounds how we can ‘see’ that he loved women. This misses the point: Degas was accused ot misogyny in his liletime because of his unflattering realism. More recent analysis instead begins by unpicking the relations 01 class and gender which Degas knowingly explored. But for discussion at why the work is interesting in these terms we have to turn to the catalogue (produced by the Tate in Liverpool, original curators oi the show). It presents Degas as complex, bourgeois, increasingly reactionary, fascinated by how people perceive class and gender ditierence through visual signals, and shows how he used ditterenttechniques and tormal concerns very specitically tor ditterent classes oi women (ie always monotype tor brothel scenes, never tor middle-class portraits; audacious angles only lorworking-class women). It’s a shame that this kind oi iniormation is not on the walls next to the images. Without it, late 20th-century nostalgia, with a ditterent set of social codes, sees only late

19th-century sentiment and aesthetics.

(Hilary Robinson)

Sun 1—5.30pm.

The gallery will be closed until April for refurbishment.

I GALERIE MIRAGES Raeburn Place, 315 2603. Tue—Sat 10.30am—4.30pm. Sun 2—4.30pm. closed Mondays.

Senneh Kilims Until 3 March.

I GALLERY OF MODERN ART Belford Road. 556 8921. Mon—Sat 10am—5pm; Sun 2—5pm. ID] Cafe.

The gallery's justly renowned cafe is open Mon—Sat 10.30am—4.30pm; Sun 2.30—4.20pm. Cream teas will be served from 3—4. 15pm.

English Art 1920-1960: Paintings From the Elizabeth Watt Bequest Until 4 Feb. Miss Watt’s unerring eye for a future force in painting enabled her to collect works by John Piper.1vonllitchens and John Tunnard among others at the start oftheir

careers. The collection constitutes more than fifty items. the rump ofit beingtaken up with English paintings from the 1920s tothe 1950s.

Gwen Hardie 14 Feb—l8 March. A return to Scotland from Berlin for this talented young Scottish artist. The exhibition traces her gradual move to an abstract style.

I GRAEME MURRAY GALLERY 15 Scotland Street. 556 6020. Tue-Fri 10am—5pm. Sat ltlam—lpm.

Kate Whitelord Until 26 Jan. Probably best known for her symbolic turf-cuts on Calton Hill a few years back. she exhibits some of her recently completed gesso panels. After this the staff of the gallery will be suffering for their art. in sunny Spain. for a month. The next exhibition will be Tracy Mackenna 3—31 March.

I HANOVER FINE ART 22a Dundas Street. 5562181. Mon—Fri 10am—5.30pm; Sat 10am—4pm.

Landscapes 3—19 Feb. Steven Proudfoot's pastels and watercolours. Also on show will be a variety of mixed work by gallery artists.

I HILLSIDE GALLERY Hillside St. 5566440. Tue—Sat 10.30am—6pm.

State DI the Earth 23 Jan—3 Feb. Studentsof illustration at the Glasgow School ofArt give those on the east coast a chance to SC(‘ their work.

I ITALIAN INSTITUTE 82 Nicolson Street. 668 2232. Mon 2—5pm. Tue 9am—5pm. Wed 2—7pm. Thurs 9am-5pm. Fri 9am—2pm.

The Lost Paradise Until 31 Jan. Etchings by the Italian artist Enrico Baj. in which he offers an interpretation ofMilton's famous work. The next exhibition at the Institute opens 28 Feb.

I KINGFISHER GALLERY Northumberland Street Lane. 557 5454. Mon—Fri 10am—4.30pm. Sat 10am—1pm.

Women Artists 1990 Until 27 Jan. Paintings by Mardi Barrie. Marysa Donaldson. Bet Low. Joyce Cairns and sculpture by Brenda Clouson.

Watercolours 9 Feb—3 March. The artists involved include Victoria Cassidy. Moira Ferrier. Leonard Gray. Elspeth llarrigan and David Martin.

I MALCOLM INNES GALLERY 67 George Street. 226 4151. Mon—Fri 9.30am—6pm; Sat 10am-1pm.

The normal collection of prints from stock until 21 February when a special sale of ‘rarely seen prints‘ will go on sale at discount prices.

I NATIONAL GALLERY OF SCOTLAND The Mound. 556 8921. Mon—Sat 10am—5pm; Sun 2—5pm.

The Turner Watercolours Until 31 Jan. The Vaughan Bequest gets its annual showing. Last year it was enlarged to include a further 20 illustrations by Turner and this year they will be hung in the new. more spacious Drawing Gallery on the main floor. Drawings by Allan Ramsey will also be on show until 31 January.

English Portraits and Figure Drawings 1600-1900. Throughout Feb and March. A

CYDll. (313112151313 FINE ADT '”~ ..

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The Monarch of the Glen and other paintings from Scotland’s leading businesses.

Scottish Paintings

Hunter, F ergusson, Cowie, Eardley, James Patterson, MeCane, Bellany, Donaldson and others.

Until 27th February

134 Blythswood Street, Glasgow (32 4EL Telephone 041 332 4027

Mon-Fri 9.30am-5.30pm; Sat 9.30am—12.30pm Mon—Fri 9.30am—5.30pm; Sat 10am-1pm

52 The List 26 January 8 February 1990