I CEZAHHE AND POUSSIN During his Iile. Cezanne openly acknowledged his debt to Poussin. saying that he wished to re-do nature alter Poussin. This major exhibition examines that relationship. bringing work by both artists lrom collections all overthe world. The one not to miss. Cézanne and Poussin: The Classical Vision 01 Landscape. National Gallery. 9 Aug—21 Oct.

I SAM FRANCIS One otthe grand old men olAmerican abstract expressionism has recently bought a house in Edinburgh, where he has lamin ties. It's good to see him celebrated in the Talbot Rice with an expanded version 01 the exhibition seen earlier in Glasgow. and at the Printmakers with a show of his graphic work. Sam Francis How. Talbot Rice. 9 Aug—8 Sept; Sam Francis: Recent Graphic Work. Printmakers Workshop. 11 Aug-8 Sept. I MARGARET SMITH: LANDSCAPES Like many of the wives of the grand old men otAmerican abstract expressionism. Margaret Smith (wile of Sam Francis) is an artist in her own right. She spent eightyears in Japan studying traditional techniques. and also . acknowledges the influence -olTumer. She will be showing acrylic landscapes.

Margaret Smith: Landscapes. Architecture Gallery. 20 Chambers Street.

I POIESIS Although artists who use words have been prominent in the 808. particularly in the US. ithas often been in a delibarately non-poetic lashion. This group exhibition explores how artists use poetry in theirwork. through words. through specilic relerence. orthrough lyrical visual sensibility. The artists

include the well known such

as lan Hamilton Finlay. Mario Mertz and Hamish Fulton. and those less well known like Laura Bert. David Austin and Mary Ellen Salt.

Poiesis. Graeme Murray Gallery. 11 Aug—29 Sept.

I PRADIP MALDE Malde is well known for his exquisite compositions and meticulous printing technique. This exhibition of platinum prints is divided into three sections titled Memory. Balance and Love. each containing work with a mixture 01 subject matter- landscape. still lite and portraiture.

Pradip Malde: Memory Balance Love. Porttolio Gallery. until BSept.



Botanical man

Inverleith House in the Royal Botanic Garden. once the home of the National Gallery of Modern Art. is to be reopened after complete refurbishment including (unlike many other galleries) full access for the disabled. The opening exhibition will be ofwork by Andy Goldsworthy. a sculptor who has focused on his relationship with nature.

The curator at the Botanics. Paul Nesbitt. has a strong commitment to showing contemporary art within this environment. which attracts people for reasons other than the gallery alone. Adults and children go to the Garden to enjoy their tranquillity within the wider urban setting— without the constant reminder ofdogs. Thus the majority of people who view the exhibitions go primarily to see the Garden.

Goldsworthy has consistently tried to understand nature through his involvement with its processes. This has led him to work with a wide range of natural materials and places. including ice and snow at the north pole. Some works can last only seconds whilst others are relatively permanent. but all explore our relationship to nature and time. Some of the most delicate pieces are made entirely of leaves and thorns.

Apart from the temporary exhibition in Inverleith House and the Caledonian Hall. Goldsworthy was commissioned to build a permanent sculpture outside in the Garden. and with the exception of the planting of a circle ofwillows around it. this is now complete. It is

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t 1 :4 sense“: g - ‘2... an important work especially since the last commission for a sculpture within the parameters ofthe Garden was in 1770 - a monument to Linnaeus by Robert Adam. Let’s hope we don’t have to wait until 2210 for the next one! Goldsworthy’s sculpture lies in the south-west corner and is made of Cumbrian slate. The ring of willows will play on the relationship between people and nature; a central theme in Goldsworthy’s work. The leaves will fall within the dry-stone wall circle

and onto a sunken dome ofslates. pierced at the summit by an inky black hole. Hopefully the show will help people to consider their relationship with nature whether they stumble upon the sculptures or go out oftheir way to find them. The place and the work combine to produce a show which is accessible to a wide number ofpeople.

Andy Goldsworthy's‘ work can be seen at the Royal Botanic Garden from I I Aug—28 ()(‘L

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New Work From 44, Leila Galloway and Tony Cooper, 44 Gallery.

This Festival, the workshop and studio space 01 Leila Galloway and Tony Cooper will again be turned into a gallery lor the exhibition of their latest work. This is theirthlrd year 01 exhibiting and it is to be hoped that the exhibition of new work will continue to be a regular event.

Exhibiting together provides an opportunity lor the viewer to contrast and reflect upon meanings ol masculinity and femininity within the works. The exploration and representation at these dimensions has been a consistent feature 01 their work which now also considers issues at desire, perception, space and illusion.

Galloway uses wire to create sculpted lorms which question notions 01 female sexuality by revealing tension. Her exhibit, Lure, at the Fruitmarket Open, leatured a seductive mane at long hair made by strands of wire. Ambiguity is maintained between the materials and the meanings she creates for them. Using new wire which is thin, line and loses its shine over a

period of time, she addresses questions of desire, talse promise and seduction lrom a personal perspective which enters into dialogue and crosses boundaries with other women.

Tony Cooper's installation downstairs is concerned with the atmosphere of space. The stark, white environment, minimal and bounded, will arouse an awareness of self and perception. Ideas 01 repetition and identity are explored as Cooper imagines how we explain ourselves ‘with an awareness of the Other without becoming the Other'.

The minimalism ot Cooper's work and its relationship to the senses, combined with Galloway‘s visually enigmatic wire forms which subvert appearances, illustrates different methods yet underlying shared concerns. This adds a greater strength 01 interest to the range of ideas ; surrounding sexuality and the ! impossibility ol certainty when they 1 complement one another in this way. I (Lorna J. Waite)

The list lll lb August 199053